September 14, 2022

The Long-Term Surgical Outcomes of Low-Grade Epilepsy-Associated Neuroepithelial Tumors

Abstract found on Wiley Online Library

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the surgical outcomes and relevant prognostic factors in patients with low-grade epilepsy-associated neuroepithelial tumors (LEAT) and, especially, to develop a scoring system to predict postoperative seizure outcomes.

Methods: The clinical data of patients who underwent epilepsy surgery for LEAT were retrospectively studied. The surgical outcomes of seizure and neurological statuses in patients were evaluated using Engel classification and modified Rankin Scale (mRS) scoring, respectively. A scoring system of seizure outcomes was constructed based on the weight of the ? coefficient estimate of each predictor in the final multivariate predicting model of seizure outcomes.

Results: Of the 287 patients (106 female) enrolled, the median age was 19?years at surgery and 10?years at seizure onset, with a median duration of epilepsy of 60 months. Among 258 patients who were followed up for at least 12 months, 215 (83.3%) patients had a favorable seizure outcome (Engel class I) after surgery, and 43 (16.7%) patients had an unfavorable seizure outcome; longer duration of epilepsy, discordant magnetoencephalography (MEG) findings and acute postoperative seizures were significantly included in the scoring system to predict unfavorable seizure outcomes, and in the scoring system, accumulated scoring of 0-19 scores was recorded, which were finally grouped into three risk levels: low-risk (risk <?30%), medium-risk (30% ? risk <?70%) and high-risk (risk ??70%). In addition, favorable neurological outcomes (mRS score 0-1) were recorded in 187 (72.5%) patients, while unfavorable neurological outcomes were recorded in 71 (27.5%) patients, which were significantly related to poor seizure control, older age at surgery, and longer duration of epilepsy and hospitalization time.

Significance: The long-term surgical outcomes of low-grade epilepsy-associated neuroepithelial tumors after surgery were satisfactory. A scoring system for predicting unfavorable seizure outcomes with different risk levels was developed, which could partly guide clinical treatments of low-grade epilepsy-associated neuroepithelial tumors.