July 9, 2020

Suicidal Behavior Among People with Epilepsy in Northwest Ethiopia: A Comparative Cross-Sectional Study

Abstract, published in Epilepsy & Behavior

Background & Objectives: Premature mortality is common in people with epilepsy, but the causes vary where suicide is considered as one of the commonest. The goal of this study was to compare suicidal behavior between people with epilepsy and the general population and identify associated factors in Northwest Ethiopia.

Results: The prevalence of suicidal behavior in people with epilepsy was 18.2%, significantly higher than the community sample, which was 9.8%. Other variables positively associated with suicidal behavior for the overall sample were depressive symptoms, no formal education, divorced/widowed marital status, and higher perceived criticism. Better social support was protective factor for suicidal behavior.

Conclusion: The proportion of suicidal behavior is twofold higher in people with epilepsy than the general population. Routine screening for suicide risk should be an integral part of epilepsy treatment.

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