June 28, 2019

Dysfunctional Personality Rate is High in People with Refractory Epilepsy; Dysfunction Decreases After Epilepsy Surgery

OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to determine the rate of dysfunctional personality patterns before and after epilepsy surgery, their types, and the importance of the epileptogenic zone in a sample of people with refractory epilepsy.

METHODS: Researchers conducted an ambispective observational study, including refractory epilepsy surgery candidates. Demographic, psychiatric, and neurological data were recorded. Evaluation of personality was made using the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-II (MCMI-II). Presurgical predictors of personality patterns were determined using a linear regression model. The proportion of patients with dysfunctional personality patterns, before and after surgery, was compared using the Mcnemar’s test. Then a generalized estimating equation model was performed to include predictors of changes in this rate.

RESULTS: One hundred and ninety-nine participants were included. Seventy percent had a dysfunctional personality pattern before surgery. After surgery, this percentage dropped to 58%. The difference was statistically significant after adjusting for potential confounders (p = 0.013). The most common types were Cluster C personality patterns. Temporal epileptogenic zone was a significant predictor of higher scores of the Avoidant (Coef. 11.8; Confidence Interval (CI) -0.59 23.7; p = 0.051) and Compulsive (Coef. 9.55; CI 2.48 16.6; p = 0.008) personality patterns and lower scores of Histrionic (Coef. -11.4; CI -21.2 -1.55; p = 0.024) and Antisocial (Coef. -8.4; CI -15.6 -1.25; p = 0.022) personality patterns, compared to extratemporal epileptogenic zone.

CONCLUSION: People with refractory epilepsy have high rates of dysfunctional personality patterns. These patterns differ according to the epileptogenic zone.

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