January 8, 2019

Determinants of Health and Wellbeing in Refractory Epilepsy and Surgery: The Patient Reported, ImpleMentation sciEnce (PRIME) Model

This paper offers a new way of understanding the course of a chronic, neurological condition through a comprehensive model of patient-reported determinants of health and wellbeing: The Patient Reported ImpleMentation sciEnce (PRIME) model is the first model of its kind to be based on patient-driven insights for the design and implementation of initiatives that could improve tertiary, primary, and community healthcare services for patients with refractory epilepsy, and has broad implications for other disorders.

PRIME focuses on: patient-reported determinants of health and wellbeing, pathways through care, gaps in treatment and other system delays, patient need and expectation, and barriers and facilitators to high-quality care provision; PRIME highlights that in the context of refractory epilepsy, patients value appropriate, clear, and speedy referrals from primary care practitioners and community neurologists to specialist healthcare professionals based in tertiary epilepsy centers. Many patients also want to share in decisions around treatment and care, and gain a greater understanding of their debilitating disease, so as to find ways to self-manage their illness more effectively and plan for the future.

Here, PRIME is presented using refractory epilepsy as the exemplar case, while the model remains flexible, suitable for adaptation to other settings, patient populations, and conditions; PRIME comprises six critical levels: 1) The Individual Patient Model; 2) The Patient Relationships Model; 3) The Patient Care Pathways Model; 4) The Patient Transitions Model; 5) The Pre- and Postintervention Model; and 6) The Comprehensive Patient Model.

Each level is dealt with in detail, while Levels 5 and 6 are presented in terms of where the gaps lie in our current knowledge, in particular in relation to patients’ journeys through healthcare, system intersections, and individuals adaptive behavior following resective surgery, as well as others’ views of the disease, such as family members.

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