Understanding the basics about epilepsy

As many in the epilepsy community will tell you, managing epilepsy and seizures involves a lot of learning and, at times, it can be quite complex. The Understanding Epilepsy section was created to provide people with epilepsy, their caregivers, and their loved ones with the information they need in an accessible way.

In this section you’ll learn what epilepsy is, what seizures are, how they’re classified, and much more.

A doctor goes over medical information with his patient.What is epilepsy?

Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by recurrent seizures. Learn what epilepsy is, what seizures are, and why we need a cure.

What causes epilepsy?

1 in 26 Americans will develop epilepsy in their lifetime. Do you know how people get epilepsy?

What is a seizure?

Epilepsy is a diverse group of neurological disorders which are characterized by recurrent seizures. Learn what causes seizures and how they’re classified.

Two doctors, a man and a woman, in blue scrubs look at a brain scan.Seizure classification

Seizures are classified depending upon where they start in the brain, whether the person remains or loses consciousness, and other symptoms. Learn more.

Phases of Seizures

There are four phases of a seizure. Learn the signs, symptoms, and progressions.

A young woman is speaking in an animated way to her therapist, who is listening closely.Risks and Important Considerations

People with epilepsy may experience other medical conditions and challenges related to epilepsy. Learn more.

Medication Access

It can be difficult to understand and navigate how prescription drugs get from the manufacturer to the pharmacy and what determines whether or not your insurance will cover the cost.


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