Frontiers in Research

Research seminars and medical Grand Rounds take place every week at universities and institutions across the country but epilepsy research is significantly underrepresented in these seminars. In an effort to spread the news about innovative research in epilepsy, CURE is sponsoring a lectureship program within the Grand Rounds and seminar series called Frontiers in Research.

10 each year

CURE’s goal in developing this lectureship program is to attract the best and brightest minds into the field of epilepsy research. Approximately 10 seminars will be sponsored at different institutions each academic year with one goal – to present cutting-edge epilepsy research to a wide audience of clinicians, medical students, young investigators, basic science researchers and interested supporters.

**If you are interested in attending any of these seminars, please call 312.255.1801 or email Erin@CUREepilepsy.org so we can save you a seat!**


UPCOMING SEMINARS
2014 Locations

Arkansas

Little Rock, AR
TBA

WHERE: University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences
WHEN: Friday, August 29, 2014: 8:00 - 9:00am CT
SPEAKER: Andreas Alexopoulos, MD, MPH
HOST: Demitre Serletis, MD, PhD

TALK SUMMARY: TBA

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Calgary

Calgary, Canada
Improving Outcomes in Early Onset Epilepsies

WHERE: University of Calgary
WHEN: Monday, September 8, 2014: 8:00 - 9:00am MT
SPEAKER: Helen Cross, PhD
HOST: Jong Rho, MD

TALK SUMMARY: Epilepsy with onset under two years of age in general has a poor prognosis for both seizure control as well as neurodevelopmental outcome. A prominent predictor of outcome remains aetiology, although the epileptic seizures will have a compounding effect, and seizure control is likely to lead to improved outcome. However, in many our treatments remain unsuccessful. Increasingly we are determining causes of the epilepsies in this age group, specifically genetic and structural causes, and consequently our approach to this group of disorders is moving forward. Treatments are therefore being increasingly targeted at the underlying cause. Resective surgery should be considered early in the presence of focal brain lesions, likely to be the cause of seizures even where generalised features are apparent electroclinically. There is increasing evidence for improved neurodevelopmental outcomes in this group the presence of seizure control. Neurometabolic disorders will demand specific treatments, such as in pyridoxine dependency and Glucose Transporter defects (ketogenic diet). Genetic discovery has widened our insight into this group of disorders, and is likely to lead to other possible targeted treatments in the future.

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**If you are interested in attending any of these seminars, please call 312.255.1801 or email Erin@CUREepilepsy.org so we can save you a seat!**






PAST SEMINARS
2014 Locations

Montreal

Montreal, Canada
If Pascal had only known: Genes for Arrhythmias of Heart and Brain

WHERE: McGill University
WHEN: Thursday, March 6, 2014: 4:00 - 5:00pm ET
SPEAKER: Jeff Noebels, MD, PhD
HOST: Massimo Avoli, MD, PhD

TALK SUMMARY: The dimensions and urgency of preventing sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) have grown rapidly in the last two decades. At least 3,000 SUDEP deaths occur each year in North America. Like its close relatives, SIDS (Sudden Infant Death), SUDY (Sudden Death in the Young), and SADS (Sudden Arrhythmogenic Death Syndrome), all of which may include seizures, the causes are mysterious to family, physician, and medical examiner alike. SUDEP strikes without warning, not as the result of the first or even longest seizure in a person’s life, but within minutes or hours, as a tragic outcome of the last. It is the most common cause of premature mortality in human epilepsy. Recent advances in the molecular genetics of brain circuits controlling cardiorespiratory pacemakers reveal that mutations in specific genes co-expressed in the brain and heart dramatically raise the risk of SUDEP. Expanding this list of predictive risk genes, understanding their mechanisms, and identifying gene-specific treatments may soon dramatically alter our ability to save lives and improve the well-being of patients and family members living with epilepsy.

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St Lake City

Salt Lake City, UT
Large-Scale Team Science and Epilepsy Genetics: The EPGP and Epi4K Experience

WHERE: University of Utah
WHEN: Monday, March 17, 2014
SPEAKER: Dan Lowenstein, MD
HOST: Karen Wilcox, PhD

TALK SUMMARY: Dr. Lowenstein’s major research interest is focused on understanding the genetic basis of the more common forms of human epilepsy, and translating these findings into the direct care of the patient. Over the last ten years, he has been a principal organizer of two large-scale, international efforts to study the complex genetics of epilepsy: the “Epilepsy Phenome/Genome Project” and “Epi4K: Gene Discovery in 4,000 Genomes”, both of which are funded by NIH and have already yielded discoveries that are bringing us closer to the era of precision medicine in epilepsy.

Video See a video from the seminar here

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St. Louis

St. Louis, MO
Using Patient-Derived Neurons To Study Genetic Epilepsies

WHERE: Washington University
WHEN: Friday, March 28, 2014
SPEAKER: Jack Parent, MD
HOST: Michael Wong, MD, PhD

TALK SUMMARY: Many childhood-onset epilepsies are extremely difficult to treat and have a poor prognosis. Dr. Parent has been working on understanding the causes underlying some of severe pediatric epilepsies using a new approach to model the disorders – induced stem cells – in which a patient’s own cells can be studied. The induced stem cell method involves taking skin biopsies from patients and turning their skin cells into stem cells. Then those stem cells can be turned into neurons to study the causes of epilepsy and test new therapies. In some cases, the stem cells can also be turned into hear cells and used to study the causes of SUDEP in these patients.

Dr. Parent’s talk will describe the use of this approach to explore two devastating types of epilepsy, Dravet Syndrome and Pretzel Syndrome. He will present data showing the generation of patient-specific neurons and heart cells to study epilepsy and SUDEP, respectively. This approach represents a powerful new research strategy to uncover how epilepsy develops and identify new and potentially individualized therapies.

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Seattle

Seattle, WA
Are You Only Using 75% of Your Brain?

WHERE: University of Washington
WHEN: Thursday, April 24, 2014
SPEAKER: Kevin Staley, MD
HOST: Nick Poolos, MD, PhD

TALK SUMMARY: Is loss of inhibition of neurons the cause of seizures? Answering that question would be easier if we knew how neurons lose their inhibitions. One idea is that the chloride isn’t balanced in the brain of patients with epilepsy and chloride is important for inhibition. Imbalance of chloride can actually make neurons that are supposed to be inhibitory, behave as excitatory instead. This could lead to a seizures. Chloride balance is mostly regulated by large, relatively immobile negatively charged proteins (called anions) that can get bigger or smaller very quickly. If these anions stay in place and don’t change in size, chloride will be in balance in the brain. But things like injuries and swelling can cause these anions to leak out of cells or to change size, and this can lead to a chloride imbalance and subsequent seizures.

Interestingly, one quarter of the brain’s volume is made up of these anions and very little is known about how they work. This talk will address how we are now learning that these anions and chloride play a role in brain injury that leads to seizures.

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SanFran

San Francisco, CA
Born Another Day: The critical timing of an epilepsy-inducing brain injury during the development of newly born neurons

WHERE: University of California, San Francisco
WHEN: Wednesday, May 28, 2014
SPEAKER: Istvan Mody
HOST: Scott Baraban

TALK SUMMARY: A region deep inside in the brain called the dentate gyrus is capable of producing new nerve cells throughout life. Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) frequently develops after some time following a brain insult that includes prolonged seizures, inflammation, head trauma, or stroke. When the newly born cells in the dentate gyrus are "caught" by the insult at a specific time during their development, their normal development becomes derailed, and these neurons get transformed into key contributors to the development of TLE.

Video Watch video from the seminar here

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2013 Locations

Denver

Denver, CO
Cell-type Specific Control of Neuronal Circuits in Epilepsy

WHERE: University of Colorado
WHEN: Tuesday, October 22, 2013: 12:00 - 1:00pm MT
SPEAKER: Ivan Soltesz, PhD
HOST: Manisha Patel, PhD

TALK SUMMARY: Dr. Soltesz's major research interest is focused on GABAergic interneuronal microcircuits, neuronal oscillations, and the cellular and synaptic basis of epilepsy. His laboratory employs closely integrated experimental and theoretical techniques, including closed-loop in vivo optogenetics, paired patch clamp recordings, in vivo recordings from identified interneurons in awake mice, optical imaging, and large-scale computational modeling methods using supercomputers.

Video Watch video from the seminar here

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Houston

Houston, TX
Does Human Papilloma Virus Cause Brain Malformations?

WHERE: Baylor College of Medicine
WHEN: Monday, November 18, 2013
SPEAKER: Peter Crino, MD, PhD
HOST: Jeff Noebels, MD, PhD

TALK SUMMARY: Focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) is the most common brain malformation associated with intractable epilepsy. Some FCDs arise from gene mutations whereas others result from unknown causes. Many FCD subtypes are associated with abnormalities in mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling. We have recently found that the human papilloma virus 16 (HPV16) oncoprotein E6, which is the most common cause of cervical dysplasia and cancer, is expressed in brain tissue of patients with FCD and this leads to disruption of mTOR signaling. These results suggest some FCDs are caused by HPV16 infection and may be preventable.

Video See a video from the seminar here

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Bronx

Bronx, NY
Optogenetics: Tools for Mapping and Controlling Brain Dynamics

WHERE: Einstein College of Medicine
WHEN: Friday, December 20, 2013: 4:00 - 5:00pm ET
SPEAKER: Ed Boyden, PhD
HOST: Aristea Galanapoulou, PhD

TALK SUMMARY: The brain is a complex, densely wired circuit made out of heterogeneous cells, which vary in their shapes, molecular composition, and patterns of connectivity. In order to help discover how neural circuits implement brain functions, and how these computations go awry in brain disorders such as epilepsy, we invent technologies to enable the scalable, systematic observation and control of biological structures and processes in the living brain. We have developed genetically-encoded reagents that, when expressed in specific neuron types in the nervous system, enable their electrical activities to be precisely driven or silenced in response to millisecond timescale pulses of light. Often working in interdisciplinary collaborations, we have developed microfabricated hardware to enable complex and distributed neural circuits to be controlled and observed in a fully 3-D fashion, as well as robots that can automatically record neurons intracellularly and integratively in live brain, and strategies for building 3-D brain circuits in vitro. These tools are in widespread use to enable systematic analysis of neural circuit functions, are also opening up new frontiers on the understanding and treatment of brain disorders, and may serve as components of new platforms for diagnosing and treating brain disease. In particular, we will discuss how such technologies are being used to open up new frontiers on the understanding and potential treatment of epilepsy.

Video See videos from the seminar here

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**If you are interested in attending any of these seminars, please call 312.255.1801 or email Erin@CUREepilepsy.org so we can save you a seat!**

 

 
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